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MFPs provide essential nutrition to people living in forested areas, and are used for household purposes, thus forming an important part of their non-cash income

Under Forest Rights Act, 2006, "minor forest produce" includes all non-timber forest produce of plant origin including bamboo, brushwood stumps, cane, tussar, cocoons, honey, wax, lac, tendu or kendu leaves, medicinal plants and herbs, roots, tubers and the like.

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, gives the “right of ownership, access to collect, use and dispose of minor forest produce which has been traditionally collected within or outside village boundaries”. The Act was enacted to protect the marginalised socio-economic class of citizens and balance the right to environment with their right to life and livelihood. However, several problems abound. The tribal and other local people dependent on forests still remain underprivileged and poor and are deprived of fair returns.

To ensure fair returns to forest-dwelling  Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers and as a solution to problems they were facing such as the perishable nature of the produce, lack of holding capacity, lack of marketing infrastructure, exploitation by middlemen, and low government intervention at the required time, the scheme, “Mechanism for marketing of Minor Forest Produce(MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Development of Value Chain for MFP”  was formulated by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs as a measure of social safety for  MFP gatherers was implemented in 2013.
The Scheme for MSP for MFP and the development of the value chain was started by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) in the FY 2013-14 with the objective of providing a fair price to MFP gatherers, enhancing their income level and ensuring sustainable harvesting of MFPs. The objective of the MSP for MFP scheme is to establish a framework for ensuring fair prices for the tribal gatherers, primary processing, storage, transportation, etc. while ensuring the sustainability of the resource base.